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Главная » Файлы » Лекции » Деловая корреспонденция

Business Idioms of universal application
07.10.2014, 17:33

 Business English idioms of universal application

1. in terms of by taking as an example of; concerning; with regard to

         *In terms of quality, our products are second to none.

         *The new system, although more expensive to operate, is better in terms of efficiency.     

    *The costs of the earthquake can be counted in terms of billions, rather than millions, of dollars.

*The government has made its position clear in terms of its industrial policy.

          2. to stem from to originate from; to be caused by

*Company losses stemmed from poor management.

*His success in politics stems from hard work and intelligence.

          3.to trigger off to cause to bring about (an important or serious effect, often negative, sudden or violent) (Also to spark off; to touch off)

*The advertising film about the new car triggered off an enormous public response, so that demand for the product was greater than supply.

*The management decision sparked off a series of damaging strikes.

*The invention of the petrol engine touched off a revolution in transport.

          4. last but not least introducing the next item on the list, which, although the last, is not less important than the others.

*We need to think about how much capital we want to raise, for what purpose and,              last but not least, how we're going to get it.

*I’d like to thank everyone for their efforts, which have made the year such a successful one for the company - directors, managers, executives, office and factory staff and, last but not least, their respective wives and husbands, who play an unseen but nonetheless vital role.

*Now, coming to the end of my presentation, the last, but certainly not the least, of our options is to move our headquarters to a less expensive site, outside the capital, but keeping a small office in the city center.

5.  give or take more or less (by an appropriate amount than a certain amount)

*The whole project is likely to cost about one million, give or take a few thousand.

*Give or take an hour or so, we should be in Dresden in about twelve hours.

*The salesman was only here for half an hour, so it's a very give-or-take estimate.

6.  a safe bet almost one hundred percent certain (informal)

*If you want a good lawyer, mine's a safe bet - she gets to the bottom of the problem, gives realistic advice and doesn't let you waste money on a dead-end case.

*"Our sales in South America are down, although our customer relations are excellent. So, why?"

"In my view, it's a safe bet that our competitors have been active without our knowledge."

 *As to the travel arrangements for your trip, although a car is convenient, there could be problems on the roads; your safest bet would be to go by train.

7. better safe than sorry it is better to be too careful than to take risks

*Everyone must wear a safety helmet when visiting the construction site better to be safe than sorry.

*Every stage of the process is checked three times, on the basis that it's better to be safe than sorry.

* Drivers are warned that the road conditions could be dangerous so, if your journey isn't really necessary, stay at home; better safe than sorry.

8. a dry (or dummy) run an experiment or trial of a machine or project under realistic (but not real) conditions

*Before launching a national market survey, the market researchers carried out several dry runs at local level in order to test the reaction to their questionnaire.

*Before making a presentation, it's a good idea to do a dummy run by recording yourself on video or cassette and checking the result.

9. by trial and error finding the right method or solution by the primitive process of making changes in measurements or calculations until finally there are no errors

*This is a dangerous chemical. Tests on it must be carefully thought out in advance; simple trial-and-error testing could prove fatal.

*The company doesn't have money to waste on testing by trial and error you must be more systematic in your approach.

10. to cut corners to follow a quick but risky route to an objective, especially by not performing all the usual stages of some process

*In this company we do not cut corners; we produce a high-quality, reliable product.

*He's a brilliant research chemist, but he cuts too many corners. One day he'll blow us all up.

11. hit and miss unsystematic; random; relying on chance; not properly thought out or carried out

*The experiment went wrong because of hit-and-miss methods.

*Your proposition is based partly on fact and partly on imagination - in other words, it's rather hit and miss.

 

 

 

 

 

Категория: Деловая корреспонденция | Добавил: Лена
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4  
In terms of computers,IBM is America's top manufacturer
The failure was stemmed by a misinterpretation of orders.
Senior Management triggered off a series of damaging strikes
Our tasks for now are to speak purposefully and carefully,and last but not least avoid misinterpretation
This project should bring us millions in income,give or take a few thousands.
Its a safe bet to say that this idea is not going to work.
Its better to be safe than sorry,so fasten your seat belt.
The new printing press is performing a dry a run to reveal possible errors.
The science department is developing a new serum through trial and error
The product had to be rolled off the shelves because of design flaws caused by engineers cutting corners.
This oil endevour is gong to be a hit or miss.

3  
1. In terms of action "Terminator 2" is better than the original.
2.Their tournament win stems from their team play. 
3. The infamous conflict in the Atlantic ocean triggered off a war.
4. "Our group has 10 pistols, a few rifles, some machine-guns and last but not least - a flamethrower."-Rik said.
5. After all this years his height should be 1,9 metres, give or take a few centimetres.
6. It's a safe bet that we'll write a few control works next week.
7. It's better safe than sorry, so I went back home to see if the iron is turned off.
8. The military did a dry run at the testing area before using the gunship at the battlefield. 
9. The sum was solved by trial and error.
10. "As you can see, trying to cut corners is not the best option"- said Bill while pointing at the skeletons at the bottom of the canyon.
11. The company went broke because of hit and miss marketing methods.

2  
1.In terms of flexibility, it is easy for many people to find a common language with the team.
2.His well-written resume is stemmed from some research  on the company.
3.his not responsible attitude to the work triggered off his demotion.
4.To find high-salaried job or appropriate position you can go to an employement agencies , find some adds of job opportunities in rhe Internet or, last but not least , find some announcements in printed publications.  
5.It took me forty minutes to glean the information on the company, give or take six minutes.
6.It is a safe bet that I will get an appropriate position.
7.It is better safe than sorry , so Ghon made some research on that company.
8.Before going on an interview it is a good idea to do a dry run by rehearsing it.
9.He wrote an effective resume by trial and error.
10.I do not want to cut corners because  it can spoil everything .
11.His work went wrong because of hit-and-miss methods.

1  
1. In terms of self-possession, it is difficult for many people to overcome nervousness before the interview.
2. His success in business stems from responsible attitude to job.
3. His neglect of duties triggered off his dismissal, so he became job-hunting.
4. To change careers you can go to private or state employment agencies or read announcements in printed publications or, last but not least, find adds of job opportunities in the Internet.
5. It took me two hours to write an effective resume, give or take twenty minutes.
6. It's a safe bet that he will get a high-salaried job.
7. It is better safe than sorry, so she rehearsed interview to make an impression.
8. Before sending a resume, it's a good idea to do a dry run by reading again it and correcting mistakes.
9. He learned freely to deal with foreigners by trial and error.
10. What ever the reason we will have to cut corners.
11. He decided to change careers as his business hits and misses.

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