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Главная » Файлы » УМКД: специальность 10. 02. 16 - переводоведение » Тексты для переводческого анализа

Millionth English word imminent
23.09.2013, 09:28

http://www.bbc.co.uk/worldservice/learningenglish/language/wordsinthenews/2009/06/090610_witn_dict_page.shtml

 

Last updated at 13:36 BST, Wednesday, 10 June 2009

Millionth English word imminent

Summary

10 June 2009

It is being claimed that the millionth word in the English language is about to be created. A US company which follows the use of language on the internet has made the prediction. However traditional dictionary makers aren't so sure.... .

Reporter:
Lawrence Pollard

Dictionaries

Dictionary experts are doubtful

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The idea of the millionth word entering the English language is a brilliant bit of public relations for Texas-based Global Language Monitor. GLM runs a powerful search service which monitors web traffic. They make their money telling organisations how often their name is mentioned in new media, such as the internet.

What they can also do is search for newly coined words. Once a word has been used 25,000 times on social networking sites and such like, GLM declares it to be a new word. By their calculations a new word is created in English every 98 minutes, hence the estimate that the millionth word is about to be created.

If you talk to lexicographers, however, dictionary professionals, they tell a slightly different story. Dictionaries have tighter criteria about what constitutes a new word, for example, it has to be used over a certain period of time. Lexicographers will tell you that the exact size of English vocabulary is impossible to quantify, but if you accept every technical term or obscure specialist word then we're already way beyond a million. And if you restrict inclusion of specialist slang, then there are possibly three quarters of a million words in English. All of which is way beyond the 20 - 40,000 words that a fluent speaker would use, or the few thousand you could get by with in English. Basically, with 1.5 billion people speaking some version of the language, it's small wonder English is the fastest growing tongue in the world.

Lawrence Pollard, Arts Correspondent, London

Категория: Тексты для переводческого анализа | Добавил: Voats
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The importance of the Internet grows rapidly in all fields of human life. So the Global Language Monitor runs a powerful search service which can search for newly coined words in the internet. As we know the process of the appearance of new words requires it’s usage over a certain period of time, but today, according to this article, if a word has been used 25,000 times on social networking sites, it is enough to declare it to be a new word. There are two classes of words: open class and closed word class. Open classes (including nouns, verbs, adjectives, and adverbs)accept the addition of new words, through such processes as compounding, derivation, inflection, coining, and borrowing. Closed classes (prepositions, conjunctions, pronouns) generally do not. So I can say that the closed classes of words are used fewer in the internet.
Today I am ready to consume 400 words per month.

6  
Душкина Наташа 2330_401а/п
As 1.5 billion people are speaking some version of the language, and that is just small wonder - English is the fastest growing tongue in the world. That is not new that English is fast developed language,but it was interesting to know that every 98 minute a new word is coined. I don't  know, but I think that is very difficult to follow all the novelty, but we have to manage to do that.
As you have asked to name the main groups of frequently used words I can name making reference to the text its new media, such as internet and of course daily vocabulary, also maybe slang.
I will try to improve my vocabulary and learn 400 words per month.

5  
Today global network and the internet plays important role in the idea of millionth word of English language.According to the article neoligsm can became a real word only after a certain period of time.Among the high-freaquency words are mass media and computer slang is used now.English it the most powerful and undertsandable per every educated person.In order to understand the english-speaking world i'm trying to reach out my vocabulary to 500 words per month

4  
As we already know from the article, the millionth word has been created. According to this text, English is the fastest growing tongue in the world. Every day English vocabulary is expanding and the major role is assigned to Internet. Once a word has been used 25,000 times on social networking sites and such like, Global Language Monitor declares it to be a new word. Thus a new word is created in English every 98 minutes. That's why we should update our vocabulary every day. At present day I have learned nearly 350 words.

3  
The article concerns about very disputable issue - in what way the new word can be created. From the times immemorial lexicographers argue about the criteria which should be implemeted when selecting a new word. They say that it has to be used over a certain period of time, for instance. Nevertheless, Texas-based Global Language Monitor has a little bit different point of view. Monitoring web traffic they search for newly coined words. Once the word's been used 25,000 times on social networking sites, GML claims it to be a new word. I support both variants. A new word should be in use constantly after its creation. That's the main idea.

The main group is the group of frecuently used words. I mean the mass media words reflecting the current situation in the sociaty, so they are used and popular. Thus, they are the most important for mastering and memorizing.

Today I have about 650 new words learnt and it is expected to learn 400 words during the next half of this month.

2  
The article informs that the millionth word in the English language is about to be created. The language usage on the internet makes the creation of new words predictable. Traditional dictionaty makers are adainst and say they have tighter criteria about what constitutes a new word. Personally I agree that if a word has been used 25,000 times on social networking sites it can be accepted as a new word. How it is mentioned in the article English is the fastest growing tongue in the world. I think it's nice, bacause English runs current and it will be easy to communicate with people and improve your ideolect. I can learn about 300 words per month.

1  
The article describes the real facts concerning the english language. And this is the very useful information for interpreters to take into account. In order to catch up with the words we should bare in our minds thousands of such units we have to rape our brain day by day. In my concept the most significant words that can pose a problem for translators can be idiomatic words. And i am willing to be entangled in learning them. According to the ecperts' calculations a new word is created in English every 98 minutes it is an acid test for us and we always should be in flux.
At present i have 800 words in my possession and i am not going to cease learning them.

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